Geographers pursue a variety of rewarding careers in education, business, nonprofit organizations, and local, state, or federal government agencies. These sectors can be described as follows:
Education: The education sector includes K through 12 institutions, colleges and universities, and continuing education. Educators may also work in important administration and academic research positions.
Business: The business, or private, sector refers to the segment of the economy composed of enterprises owned by individuals or groups. Businesses employ geographers in a wide variety of capacities to include marketing, transportation and logistics, research, geospatial mapping, health care, forestry and mining, and management.
Government: The public sector, which includes federal, state, and local government, is a rich employment area for geographers. Many government agencies find the broad, integrative perspective offered by academic training in geography to be an asset, and clearly, many public sector organizations rely on the geospatial skills acquired by geography majors. Nearly two million people—1.8% of the U.S. workforce—are employed by the federal government. State and local governments employ an additional 19.8 million workers. Our Geography program's focus on real–world problems is excellent preparation for public sector employment, particularly at the local and state levels where policy development, implementation, and regulatory responsibility reside.
Nonprofit: Roughly 9% of the U.S. workforce (about 12 million people) is employed by an estimated 1.4 million nonprofit organizations, whose causes and values span the entire political spectrum. Because nonprofits typically strive to create a better world, they offer great opportunities for job seekers hoping to make a difference.